Essential Components For Your Home Studio

We are going to analyze what indispensable home studio elements we must acquire from these three “axes”, performance, quality and price, leaving aside operating systems, brands, models or any foundation that can create controversy, between different tastes or opinions.


Before going into the subject I want to make a mention of the responsible use of our material, the Internet connection must be responsible and logical, improper use of the network can damage, damage or disable our equipment. Let’s start at the operations centre, at the core of our recording studio, that’s where we will work the information about our projects. Therefore it is vitally important to consider these requirements to obtain a computer.


It manages the operating system, the execution of the applications and the coordination of the different devices that make up the equipment. With an i5, we can perform reliably, taking into account the aforementioned regarding the care of the equipment.


Link the information and make it flow quickly; it serves as a warehouse for the programs you work at all times. I recommend operating from 16 RAM.


Save all information on the computer, from the operating system, software, to all types of files. The most reliable is a solid hard disk or SSD, there are no moving parts, so access is made faster, they are more resistant to shocks, consume less and make no noise, the difference in price between magnetic and solids is getting narrower. The amount of memory that we must have is from 2 terabytes.

Graphics card:

Not less important, but we must highlight the availability of using two simultaneous screens.

External sound card

The function of this device is to reproduce the audio coming from our computer, through the interface, to be able to listen to the sound in our speakers, and also to insert any analogue signal from microphones, guitars or synthesizers.

Latency and buffer:

Latency is the response delay in audio playback, from the information released by the computer, through the card process, to reaching our listening monitors. Its control is obtained through the flow of data governed by a kind of “funnel” called a buffer. A greater number of buffer quantity will give us a great fluidity of data but in consideration a longer latency. Taking these preferences into account, the minimum requirement of an external audio card must have these parameters:

  • Four mono inputs and four outputs.
  • Two previous microphones with a phantom condenser.
  • Midi connection
  • Headphone amplifier
  • USB 3.0 connection
  • Minimum sampling rate (44.1Khz at 16 bits)


Active near-field monitors must have a response that does not exaggerate frequencies, as it will influence the result of production.

Within our economic possibilities we will find a balance between the different brands, in this aspect “it never rains to everyone’s taste”, some firms give more serious or acute than others, and vice versa. My suggestion is to try, test between different models and not rush into the choice until you are completely sure. Of course, the main conditions should be the following depending on the distance and the dimensions of the room.

  • Minimum distance 1 meter = 5-inch speaker.
  • Maximum distance 2 meters = 8-inch speaker.
  • Bass cut, equalization of three middle bands, and treble pitch.

Wiring connections

Something that we almost always leave, and that is of great importance is the audio connection. Nowadays, not so much budget is used as it has been in cabling for years. That is no longer the case, and the link is virtual, it only exists between the sound card and the speakers. Therefore, do not skimp on the quality of the cable since its function is to transport the signal between the components, protecting it from any external interference that may alter it.

The link must be mono between Jack or Cannon connections.


This device is included in the essentials to have a “Home-Studio”, for the uncontrollable possibility of any change in the electrical voltage or sudden blackout of the current.

Treasuring these points as basic anchors for the components of a home recording studio, we can begin to create our musical productions, with no more unnecessary product to start.

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